Grants are financial awards provided by a funding/issuing authority (grantor) to a recipient (grantee) with the purpose of assisting the grantee to perform certain initiatives. Grants are critical sources of funding for many government and nonprofit agencies and provide resources for operations and/or financial support when other funding means are not available or sufficient. In 2018, the Federal Government spent $697 billion on aid to State and local governments and approximately $750 billion in 2019 and 2020.
由于COVID-19的影响相当大, agencies are faced with additional challenges navigating grant terms and conditions. The grantor agency may not have anticipated potential scenarios resulting in unclear guidance or guidance that is subject to change. 如果在授予期间发生变更, 改变现有的做法可能很困难, 与COVID-19相关的一些联邦资助项目是什么情况, 比如关怀法案.